Health environment – Litmus MME http://litmus-mme.com/ Wed, 10 Nov 2021 00:21:27 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://litmus-mme.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/lit-120x120.png Health environment – Litmus MME http://litmus-mme.com/ 32 32 Use site specific management to improve profits, soil health and the environment https://litmus-mme.com/use-site-specific-management-to-improve-profits-soil-health-and-the-environment/ https://litmus-mme.com/use-site-specific-management-to-improve-profits-soil-health-and-the-environment/#respond Tue, 09 Nov 2021 18:30:51 +0000 https://litmus-mme.com/use-site-specific-management-to-improve-profits-soil-health-and-the-environment/ Considerable variations in soil texture, type and major factors within and between production fields affect agricultural production and have a significant impact on management strategies. Therefore, a uniform rate of input applications across the field can be costly and not maximize benefits. Sensor-based, variable rate input applications, known as site-specific management, can improve farm profits, […]]]>

Considerable variations in soil texture, type and major factors within and between production fields affect agricultural production and have a significant impact on management strategies. Therefore, a uniform rate of input applications across the field can be costly and not maximize benefits. Sensor-based, variable rate input applications, known as site-specific management, can improve farm profits, soil health and environmental quality.

Precision farming tools can respond to variations in the production system to improve plant growth and crop yield. In an ideal precision farming practice, applications would accurately use the quantity, timing and manner of inputs based on variability (single plant management). Soil properties, such as structure, texture, organic matter and electrical conductivity (EC), can determine the type / amount of inputs (fertilizer requirement, irrigation schedule, seeding rate, depth of seedlings, etc.). Variable Rate Application (VRA) and Site Specific Management (SSM) are the methods that adjust input applications for changes in the soil.

The USDA NRCS Online Soil Survey is a detailed report on the soils of an area including maps with soil boundaries, photos, descriptions, soil properties, and characteristic tables. Courtesy: USDA NRCS

Management of the entire field or zone

So what’s the difference between whole field management and zone management? Whole field management treats the field as a unit with flat rates of inputs, while area management allows variable rate application of inputs to optimize the use of inputs based on demand. needs. As a result, precision farming tools can help increase production, energy efficiency, and improve environmental quality and profits. The first step in implementing zone management is to find and detect the variations that control yield and create different zones. The next step is to treat each area individually. The precise application or treatment would be based on the information associated with each area individually. In a map-based variable rate application system, the Global Positioning System (GPS) demarcates management areas and computer interfaces with variability maps, and the VR applicator uses the appropriate recommendations.

The creation of zones is based on the study of static, non-random and stationary parameters (such as the variation in soil texture: clay, silt, sand, etc.). However, the recorded response of plants to soil variability, such as yield data, can be interpreted and become a reliable factor in creating zones. Each zone should be large enough so that the applicator can technically and quickly respond to rate changes. Usually, it is sufficient to create three to five zones. However, this number may change depending on the variability and size of the field. There are several ways to create the zones in a field, as shown below.

Creating zones in a control

Electrical conductivity of soil (CE)

Soil EC describes the ability of a soil to transmit an electric current and is expressed in milliSiemens per meter (mS / m). An electrical soil conductivity meter sends a known electrical current through the soil and measures the ability of soil particles to transmit that current, marked with GPS coordination for a given field. The measurement of soil electrical conductivity can be used successfully to quantify variations in soil texture and yield potential of production. Measuring soil EC, as one of the decision-making tools in precision agriculture, can help growers decide on their nutrient management, seeding rate, seeding depth and of their irrigation schedule. Measuring soil EC is one of the fastest and cheapest methods to provide information on soil texture, cation exchange capacity (CEC), drainage conditions, organic matter level and salinity.

Yield cards

Yield mapping is an agricultural technique for analyzing variables, such as crop yield and moisture content. A real-time yield monitoring system on a combine records georeferenced information about mass flow or crop volume, humidity and area covered. This information will then be used to create yield maps.

Aerial imagery or bare ground image

By using airplanes or drones to create high resolution images and by image analysis techniques, zones are created.

Soil maps

Soil data is a key factor in fertilizer recommendations which are usually derived from analyzes of soil samples taken in the field. Two common methods of collecting soil samples based on smaller management areas are grid sampling and area sampling. In grid sampling, a field is divided into equal square areas from which soil samples are taken. Smaller grid sizes provide a better representation of field variability. However, a higher sampling cost is associated with small grid sizes due to the number of samples. The second sampling method is area sampling. In this method, zones are created to determine areas with similar soil properties before soil sampling (i.e. soil texture, soil organic matter, soil electrical conductivity). Depending on the method used to create zones and their size, zones can vary in their effectiveness at capturing variability in the field.

Online soil survey

The Web Soil Survey is a detailed report of the soils of an area provided by the Natural Resource Conservation Service of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA NRCS). The soil study has maps with soil boundaries and photos, descriptions, soil properties and characteristic tables.

Several methods

Any combination of the methods mentioned above.

In summary

Zone management allows the application to optimize the use of inputs and has the potential to reduce the overall use of chemicals, seeds, water and other inputs. Through site-specific management, inputs are managed on a smaller scale, allowing producers to accurately respond to variations in a field.


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“Very polluting”: why lawn maintenance can be dangerous for health and the environment – National https://litmus-mme.com/very-polluting-why-lawn-maintenance-can-be-dangerous-for-health-and-the-environment-national/ https://litmus-mme.com/very-polluting-why-lawn-maintenance-can-be-dangerous-for-health-and-the-environment-national/#respond Wed, 27 Oct 2021 11:00:53 +0000 https://litmus-mme.com/very-polluting-why-lawn-maintenance-can-be-dangerous-for-health-and-the-environment-national/ Canadians should rethink the way they maintain their lawns and embrace greener options, experts say. As fall is in full swing across Canada and winter is not far away, many will be dusting their leaf and snow blowers. While these gadgets can help polish the look of the yard in record time, gasoline-powered garden equipment […]]]>

Canadians should rethink the way they maintain their lawns and embrace greener options, experts say.

As fall is in full swing across Canada and winter is not far away, many will be dusting their leaf and snow blowers.

While these gadgets can help polish the look of the yard in record time, gasoline-powered garden equipment – including lawn mowers and hedge trimmers – can be dangerous to the environment and our health, by polluting the air we breathe.

“People may be surprised to think that a leaf blower actually produces a lot more pollution than a pickup truck,” said Michael Brauer, professor at the School of Population and Public Health at the University of British Columbia. .

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By some estimates, using a leaf blower equates to 100 cars on the road, he said.

This is because gasoline-powered garden equipment typically does not have a well-developed emissions treatment system like most modern vehicles, said Greg Evans, a professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry at the University of Toronto.

“These are pretty primitive engines, not much different from what they were 30, 40, 50 years ago, and they really pollute a lot,” added Brauer.


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Lawn machines that use a two-stroke engine, where oil and gas are mixed, spit out a combination of gases, including carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and carbon oxides. ‘nitrogen.

They also emit polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons known to be carcinogenic as well as fine particles, called PM2.5, which can penetrate deep into the lungs, affecting organ function.

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In the case of leaf blowers, they also end up stirring up a lot of dust.

What makes the use of such equipment particularly dangerous is the proximity of the person handling it and other people living in the area.

“They have very high pollutant emissions per amount of fuel burned,” said Jeffrey Brook, environmental health expert and assistant professor at the University of Toronto.

“Plus, they operate very close to us, so our own individual exposures can be quite high. “


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In the United States, in 2011, about 26.7 million tonnes of pollutants were emitted from gasoline-powered lawn and garden equipment, accounting for 24 to 45 percent of all off-road gasoline emissions, according to the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). .

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A 2020 California Air Resources Board report found that emissions from small all-terrain engines, such as leaf blowers, lawn mowers, trimmers and chainsaws, were higher than those emitted by the 14 , 4 million state passenger cars.

In most urban areas, Brauer estimates that lawn equipment contributes 10 to 20 percent of overall emissions.

On top of that, noise pollution is another concern – not only in terms of annoyance but the impact on health, as it can trigger strokes and heart attacks that could prove fatal, Brauer said.

“I think we just need to take this a little more seriously,” he said.

“While there may be an advantage to having equipment that can remove leaves… there is a cost to using them. “


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In 2018, Canada amended regulations for small spark-ignition off-road engines, imposing stricter emissions standards in accordance with the US EPA.

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Over the years, at the local level, some jurisdictions have banned the use of leaf blowers, but the equipment is still widely used across the country.

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Considering the health risks, it is strongly recommended to move towards cleaner and quieter electric and battery-powered options, experts say. Where possible, manual mowers can also help.

Evans said leaving a little leaf cover on the lawn can also have ecological benefits.

“I think we need to rethink our love affair with green lawns,” said Brook.

“We should take a step back and think about more sustainable ways to grow and maintain our gardens. “

© 2021 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.


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Supply problems in UK due to driver shortage could affect public health and environment – CBA https://litmus-mme.com/supply-problems-in-uk-due-to-driver-shortage-could-affect-public-health-and-environment-cba/ https://litmus-mme.com/supply-problems-in-uk-due-to-driver-shortage-could-affect-public-health-and-environment-cba/#respond Wed, 08 Sep 2021 16:45:38 +0000 https://litmus-mme.com/supply-problems-in-uk-due-to-driver-shortage-could-affect-public-health-and-environment-cba/ LONDON (CIHI) – The shortage of truck drivers in the UK has worsened significantly since June, with nearly all chemical distributors surveyed by the CBA trade group reporting driver shortages in August. The trade group’s latest industry survey showed 96% of companies were reporting problems with UK road transport, up sharply from the 62% who […]]]>

LONDON (CIHI) – The shortage of truck drivers in the UK has worsened significantly since June, with nearly all chemical distributors surveyed by the CBA trade group reporting driver shortages in August.

The trade group’s latest industry survey showed 96% of companies were reporting problems with UK road transport, up sharply from the 62% who reported problems in June.

Across Europe, 78% of companies reported problems with road transport.

The UK’s Chemical Business Association (CBA) has expressed concern that driver shortages could affect end-use sectors of key chemicals, which are essential for health and safety.

“The supply of chemicals to major commercial sectors, such as water treatment, fuels and petroleum additives, is likely to suffer from delayed or canceled deliveries, which will have public health consequences,” environment and economic growth, ”the CBA said in a briefing on Tuesday.

The CEO of the business group, Tim Doggett, has warned that the situation is likely to worsen in the coming months. The ABC has called on the UK government to relax the granting of work visas to foreign truck drivers, but their demands have not been met.

In July, the British cabinet relaxed the rules on maximum working hours for truck drivers, a CBA measure considered at the time counterproductive and unlikely to solve the problem at its root.

“Our expertise and focus continue to stay within the chemicals supply chain and we believe the impact of driver shortages is likely to get worse before it gets better,” Doggett said.

“As regulatory changes in water treatment are beyond our control, we are not in a position to comment further on this particular aspect.”


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How Lao PDR can link health, environment and economic recovery https://litmus-mme.com/how-lao-pdr-can-link-health-environment-and-economic-recovery/ https://litmus-mme.com/how-lao-pdr-can-link-health-environment-and-economic-recovery/#respond Wed, 08 Sep 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://litmus-mme.com/how-lao-pdr-can-link-health-environment-and-economic-recovery/ The temporary reduction in carbon emissions caused by global COVID-19 lockdowns has not slowed the relentless advance of climate change. Greenhouse gas concentrations are at record levels and the planet is on the path to dangerous overheating, warns a multi-agency climate report released Thursday. According to the benchmark United in Science 2021, there is “no […]]]>

The temporary reduction in carbon emissions caused by global COVID-19 lockdowns has not slowed the relentless advance of climate change. Greenhouse gas concentrations are at record levels and the planet is on the path to dangerous overheating, warns a multi-agency climate report released Thursday.

According to the benchmark United in Science 2021, there is “no sign of greener regrowth”, as carbon dioxide emissions are accelerating rapidly, after a temporary upheaval in 2020 due to COVID, and far from the targets set by the Paris Agreement.

“We have reached a tipping point on the need for climate action. The disruption of our climate and our planet is already worse than we thought, and it’s moving faster than expectedUN Secretary General António Guterres said in a video message. “This report shows how far we are from the course,” he added.

A world in danger

Rising global temperatures are already fueling devastating extreme weather events around the world, with increasing impacts on economies and societies, scientists say. For example, billions of hours of work have been lost due to excessive heat.

“We now have five times more meteorological disasters recorded than in 1970 and they are seven times more expensive. Even the most developed countries have become vulnerable, ”said the UN chief.

Mr Guterres cited how Hurricane Ida recently cut power to over a million people in New Orleans, and New York City was crippled by record rains that killed at least 50 people In the region.

“These events would have been impossible without man-made climate change. Costly fires, floods and extreme weather events are increasing everywhere. These changes are just the beginning of the worst to come, ”he warned.

A dark future

The report echoes some of the data and warnings from experts from last year: The average global temperature over the past five years was among the highest on record, and temperatures are increasingly likely to temporarily exceed the threshold of 1.5 ° Celsius above. the pre-industrial era, in the next five years.

The picture painted by United in science Is dark : even with ambitious measures to slow greenhouse gas emissions, sea levels will continue to rise and threaten low-lying islands and coastal populations around the world.

“We are really running out of time. We must act now to prevent further irreversible damage. The COP26 in November must mark this turning point. Until then, we need all countries to commit to achieving net zero emissions by the middle of this century and to present clear and credible long-term strategies to achieve it, ”urged the head of the government. ‘UN.

The 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference, also known as COP26, is scheduled to take place in the city of Glasgow, Scotland, from October 31 to November 12, 2021. The crucial meeting is expected to set the course of action climate for the next decade.

We urgently need a breakthrough in adaptation and resilience, so that vulnerable communities can manage these increasing (climate) risks… I expect all of these issues to be addressed and resolved at COP26. Our future is at stake, ”said Guterres.

“We are not yet on track towards the Paris 1.5 to 2 degree limit, although positive things have started to happen and political interest in mitigating climate change is clearly increasing, but to be successful in this effort, we must start to act now. We cannot wait decades to act, we must start acting this decade, ”added Professor Petteri Taalas, Secretary General of the World Meteorological Organization.

The report also cites the findings of the most recent IPCC report: the magnitude of recent changes in the climate system has been unprecedented for centuries, if not thousands of years, and it is unequivocal that human influence has warmed. atmosphere, oceans and land.

Notable results

The concentrations of the main greenhouse gases – carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2 O) continued to increase in 2020 and the first half of 2021.

According to the WMO, the reduction of atmospheric methane (CH4) in the short term could support the commitments of 193 member states made in Paris. This measure does not reduce the need for strong, rapid and sustained reductions in CO2 and other greenhouse gases.

Meanwhile, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) warns that five years after the adoption of the Paris Agreement, emissions gap (the difference between the direction emissions are going and where science says they should be in 2030) is bigger than ever.

While the growing number of countries pledging to achieve net zero emissions targets is encouraging, to remain achievable and credible, these targets urgently need to be reflected in short-term policy and much more ambitious actions, emphasizes the agency.

“Last year we estimated there was a 5.6% drop in emissions and since the lifetime of carbon dioxide is so long, this one-year emissions anomaly does not change. the bigger picture. We have seen improvements in air quality, those short-lived gases that affect air quality. We saw this as a positive development. But now, we are back more or less to the emission levels of 2019 ”, further explained the head of the WMO.

A warmer future

The report explains that the annual global average temperature is likely to be at least 1 ° C above pre-industrial levels (defined as the 1850-1900 average) in each of the next five years and most likely to be in the range of 0.9 ° C to 1.8 ° C.

There is also a 40% chance that the average temperature over the next five years will be at least 1.5 ° C higher than pre-industrial levels. However, the 5-year average temperature for 2021-2025 is very unlikely to exceed the 1.5 ° C threshold.

High latitude regions and the Sahel are likely to be wetter over the next five years, the report also warns.

Rising sea levels are inevitable

“We don’t know what’s going to happen to the Antarctic Glacier, where we have the largest mass of ice in the world and in the worst case scenario, we could see up to two meters of sea level rise by the end. of this century if the melting of the Antarctic glacier occurs more quickly, ”warned Professor Taalas.

Global sea level rose 20 cm from 1900 to 2018, and at an accelerated rate from 2006 to 2018.

Even if emissions are reduced to limit warming to well below 2 ° C, global mean sea level would likely rise 0.3 to 0.6 m by 2100 and could rise 0.3 to 3, 1 m by 2300.

Upward adaptation will be essentiall, especially along low-lying coasts, small islands, deltas and coastal towns, explains the WMO.

The health of the world also in danger

World Health Organization (WHO) warns rising temperatures are linked to increased heat-related mortality and work-related disorders, with a surplus of 103 billion potential working hours lost globally in 2019 compared to those lost in 2000.

In addition, COVID-19 infections and climatic hazards such as heat waves, forest fires and poor air quality, combine to threaten human health around the world, putting vulnerable populations at risk. particular danger.

According to the United Nations health agency, the COVID-19 recovery efforts should be aligned with national climate change and air quality strategies to reduce the risks associated with cascading climatic hazards and obtain co-benefits for health.

“We had this temperature anomaly in western Canada and the United States, where we were up to 15 degrees warmer than normal. And this has led to a record high, forest fires and major health problems, especially among the elderly, ”said the Secretary General of WMO.


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Global era of leaded gasoline, says UN https://litmus-mme.com/global-era-of-leaded-gasoline-says-un/ https://litmus-mme.com/global-era-of-leaded-gasoline-says-un/#respond Tue, 31 Aug 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://litmus-mme.com/global-era-of-leaded-gasoline-says-un/ Despite these advances, the rapidly growing global vehicle fleet continues to contribute to the threat of local air, water and soil pollution, as well as the global climate crisis. The transport sector is responsible for nearly a quarter of global energy-related greenhouse gas emissions and is expected to reach a third by 2050. While many […]]]>

Despite these advances, the rapidly growing global vehicle fleet continues to contribute to the threat of local air, water and soil pollution, as well as the global climate crisis. The transport sector is responsible for nearly a quarter of global energy-related greenhouse gas emissions and is expected to reach a third by 2050.

While many countries have already started the transition to electric cars, 1.2 billion new vehicles will be put into circulation in the coming decades, and many of them will use fossil fuels, especially in developing countries. This includes millions of shoddy used vehicles exported from Europe, the United States and Japan to middle and low income countries. This contributes to global warming and air pollution from traffic, and can only cause accidents.

“The fact that a UN-backed alliance of governments, businesses and civil society has succeeded in ridding the world of this toxic fuel is testament to the power of multilateralism to move the world forward towards sustainability and a better future. cleaner and greener, ”said Andersen.

“We urge these same stakeholders to build on this huge achievement to ensure that now that we have cleaner fuels, we also embrace cleaner vehicle standards globally – the combination of fuels and more vehicles. clean can reduce emissions by over 80%. “

The end of leaded gasoline should support the achievement of several Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including good health and well-being (SDG3), clean water (SDG6), clean energy (SDG7) , sustainable cities (SDG11), climate action (SDG13) and life on earth (SDG15).

It also offers an opportunity to restore ecosystems, especially in urban areas, particularly degraded by this toxic pollutant.

Finally, it marks a major step forward ahead of this year’s International Clean Air Day for Blue Skies on September 7.


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IIT Jodhpur launches startup competition, sparks ideas in health and environment https://litmus-mme.com/iit-jodhpur-launches-startup-competition-sparks-ideas-in-health-and-environment/ https://litmus-mme.com/iit-jodhpur-launches-startup-competition-sparks-ideas-in-health-and-environment/#respond Tue, 31 Aug 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://litmus-mme.com/iit-jodhpur-launches-startup-competition-sparks-ideas-in-health-and-environment/ The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in Jodhpur has created a platform to encourage its professors and researchers to pursue innovative and disruptive ideas related to health, social, economic and environmental issues. Called “Moonshot Competition”, the idea is to develop projects that can eventually lead to large-scale solutions to improve these areas, explains the institute. […]]]>

The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in Jodhpur has created a platform to encourage its professors and researchers to pursue innovative and disruptive ideas related to health, social, economic and environmental issues. Called “Moonshot Competition”, the idea is to develop projects that can eventually lead to large-scale solutions to improve these areas, explains the institute.

Faculty members were to present their ideas through a pre-recorded video pitch. “The main objective of the competition is to foster a moon culture and a forward-looking mindset within the institute, leading to transformative technologies and effective interventions to address the challenges and to the aspirations of society, ”said Professor Santanu Chaudhury, Director of IIT Jodhpur.

“With such an initiative, the institute aspires to spur new research initiatives to foster creativity and team building while tackling pressing issues and paving the way for a sustainable future,” said the IIT Jodhpur.

Some of the solution-oriented ideas selected for the competition include Professor Debanjan Guha Roy’s idea on harvesting a microwave assisted asteroid rock to spray and an electrostatic separator linked to space, microwaves waves. “The international community has gradually begun to accept the idea of ​​deep space exploration, human settlement in space and the generation of resources from celestial bodies. In recent years, many governments and space agencies have invested in developing technologies and formulating regulatory frameworks for this purpose. India is in a unique position to leverage its space expertise to initiate exploration for resources on the Moon and asteroids. We need strong support from industry and government to be a leader in this area, ”said Professor Roy.

Professor Sumit Kalra shared an insight on the personal independent AI digital twin, stating that it is “the next big revolution after the Internet and AI that has the potential to impact our society at all levels. Intervention can result in highly optimized decision making and task execution.

Professor Sankalp Pratap, Professor Romi, Professor GV Reddy and Professor Dibyadyuti Roy shared their creative idea on BRBL – to create countless ‘Birbals’ through technological intervention in AI-related education. “It aims to work on the stated ideals of NEP 2020, providing high-quality nuanced contributions to children from all walks of life using innovative technology,” explained Professor Pratap.

“Some of the proposals have the potential to be initiated as a research project and subsequently commercial viability will be attained,” added IIT Jodhpur.

Read all the latest news, breaking news and coronavirus news here


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Use of leaded gasoline eliminated in “important step” for health and the environment, according to the UN https://litmus-mme.com/use-of-leaded-gasoline-eliminated-in-important-step-for-health-and-the-environment-according-to-the-un/ https://litmus-mme.com/use-of-leaded-gasoline-eliminated-in-important-step-for-health-and-the-environment-according-to-the-un/#respond Mon, 30 Aug 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://litmus-mme.com/use-of-leaded-gasoline-eliminated-in-important-step-for-health-and-the-environment-according-to-the-un/ A worker holds a nozzle to pump gasoline into a vehicle at a gas station in Mumbai, India on May 21, 2018. REUTERS / Francis Mascarenhas / File Photo JOHANNESBURG, Aug.30 (Reuters) – Leaded gasoline was phased out after the last remaining stocks in the world were depleted last month, the United Nations Environment Program […]]]>

A worker holds a nozzle to pump gasoline into a vehicle at a gas station in Mumbai, India on May 21, 2018. REUTERS / Francis Mascarenhas / File Photo

JOHANNESBURG, Aug.30 (Reuters) – Leaded gasoline was phased out after the last remaining stocks in the world were depleted last month, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) said on Monday, after led a 19-year campaign to end the use of the toxic substance. which presents major risks to health and the environment.

Algeria, the only country still pumping leaded gasoline into vehicles, used up its last stocks in July, UNEP said.

The agency said gasoline contaminates the air, soil and drinking water and can cause heart disease, stroke and cancer. Some studies have shown that it interferes with brain development, especially in children.

UNEP has worked with governments, businesses and civic groups to eradicate leaded gasoline and said ending its use after a century was a “milestone.”

“Leaded fuel illustrates in a nutshell the kind of mistakes that humanity has made at all levels of our societies,” Inger Anderson, executive director of UNEP, told reporters.

These mistakes have resulted in climate change, pollution and loss of biodiversity, she said, but the global response to lead in fuels shows that “humanity can learn and correct the mistakes we have made”.

The toxicity of lead has been recognized since Roman times. It nevertheless began to be added to gasoline in the early 1920s to make cars more powerful, and from then it was used in all gasolines around the world until the 1970s, when richer countries have started to phase it out.

But in the early 2000s, 86 countries were still using leaded gasoline. The UNEP-led campaign was formed to help them move away from fuel, including boosting investment and overcoming pricing concerns, Anderson said.

However, UNEP warned that the transport industry remains a driver of emissions from global warming and that 1.2 billion vehicles are expected to hit the road in the decades to come.

Antonio Guterres, UN secretary-general, said phasing out leaded gasoline shows what can be achieved through collaboration, and called for similar initiatives for emission-free transport and the fight against climate change.

“We must now make the same commitment to (…) create a world of peace that works with nature, not against it,” he said in a pre-recorded video.

Reporting by Emma Rumney; Editing by Tim Cocks and Susan Fenton

Our Standards: Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.


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Hidden danger posed by herbicides and pesticides for health and the environment | The Guardian Nigeria News https://litmus-mme.com/hidden-danger-posed-by-herbicides-and-pesticides-for-health-and-the-environment-the-guardian-nigeria-news/ https://litmus-mme.com/hidden-danger-posed-by-herbicides-and-pesticides-for-health-and-the-environment-the-guardian-nigeria-news/#respond Sun, 29 Aug 2021 02:39:00 +0000 https://litmus-mme.com/hidden-danger-posed-by-herbicides-and-pesticides-for-health-and-the-environment-the-guardian-nigeria-news/ • That everyone adopt a natural agriculture – Oduola• Lack of responsible training – Alonge• It destroys yields – Aubee Many farmers have adopted the use of chemicals to keep weeds and pests away from their farms. Even though some chemicals add more nutrients to the soil, the majority of farmers are unaware that chemicals […]]]>


• That everyone adopt a natural agriculture – Oduola
• Lack of responsible training – Alonge
• It destroys yields – Aubee

Many farmers have adopted the use of chemicals to keep weeds and pests away from their farms. Even though some chemicals add more nutrients to the soil, the majority of farmers are unaware that chemicals also pose a threat to human health.

There are three kinds of pesticides: herbicides, insecticides and fungicides. These pesticides are used to kill different types of pests that are found on the farm in addition to increasing yields. Meanwhile, the chemicals present hidden dangers to people, animals and the environment.

While herbicides help increase the food supply and boost the economy, they also contribute to pollution and poor health, ranging from skin irritation to cancer.

According to the ICAR Research Complex for the Eastern Region, Arbind K. Choudhary, the global herbicides market, estimated at $ 27.21 billion in 2016, is now expected to reach $ 39.15 billion by 2022, according to a forecast. of the TCCA.

The European Union (EU), which has in the past rejected some agricultural products from Nigeria, cited one of the reasons the pesticides used to preserve these items were high.

For example, Nigerian banned beans, banned by the EU three years ago, contained between 0.03 mg and 4.6 mg / kg of dichlorvos (pesticides), contrary to acceptable limits.

The National Public Relations Officer of the Association of Organic Farming Practitioners of Nigeria (NOAN), Mr. Taiwo Oduola, who lamented the negative implication of the use of chemicals by farmers, said the developing countries that pioneered the use of chemicals are now rejecting agricultural yields. from the country.

He said: “In the old days, our ancestors produced crops naturally. They move from land to land when the land is not in good condition within three to five years, which we call shifting cultivation. We use the vegetation and plants around us as pesticides.

“But with the advent of development, they believe the population is increasing and after WWII they believe that the only way to feed the teeming population is to use these leftover artillery from the world war in the production of ‘synthetic fertilizers. and pesticides, we started using it because it promotes high yields, they call it the green revolution and that’s how we adopted it and started using fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, which are foreign to our environment and our land.

He noted that the use of NPK urea, synthetic pesticides, herbicides and others have been discovered by scientists to have created toxic substances in the ecosystem, adding that agricultural waste is good enough to serve of manure to enhance soil fertility without the use of fertilizers.

Oduola said the use of the chemicals cannot stop. “It will not be completely stopped, it depends on the choice – consumer choice and farmer choice. Farmers who use these synthetic herbicides and pesticides also breathe in such chemicals, so they also have their own health issues. Those who consume the yield will have some level of health implications. If they already have one, it makes it worse. The point now is to let everyone adopt natural agriculture. “

An agricultural technologist, teaching and research farm at the University of Ibadan, Ms. Oyetoun Alonge, identified lack of training in the proper use of herbicides, pesticides and other synthetic materials in agriculture as the culprit.

“The majority of farmers don’t care about the health implications of chemicals because of their profit. Excessive use of these chemicals has a detrimental effect on the health of people who consume farm products. It’s not just about those who consume alone, it affects our environment, it affects users.

“I think our farmers need more training and if possible we should just avoid the use of these chemicals altogether because it is better for us to go organic like our ancestors did, rather than adopt the use of these chemicals on our farms. This is why our products are rejected, ”she said.

Alonge said that if farmers grew organically or as naturally as possible, the country’s produce would no longer be rejected in the international market. “Everyone wants to leave a better life, but wants a life that will be free from health problems like cancer among others in the world now. And in order for us to achieve this, we must cut off anything that is detrimental to our health. “

For his part, the head of the Agriculture Division of the ECOWAS Commission, Mr. Ernest Aubee, attributed the excessive use of chemicals to reduced crop production and productivity in Nigeria and in other African countries.

Aubee said the global food production system shattered as the very basis of agriculture was destroyed due to unsustainable practices, such as destruction of vegetation, excessive use of pesticides and others. chemicals and destruction of pest and disease resistant varieties, among others.

During an intervention during an online presentation on “the importance of ecological organic farming policies in the transformation of West African agriculture”, organized by the journalists Go Organic Initiative, Aubee affirmed the reduction of crop production and productivity in Africa, warning that climate change poses a serious threat to food security in Nigeria and other countries. He further noted that the use of harmful chemicals in food production signals a serious danger.

He said that while there is a need to scale up the campaign to increase global food production, consideration should be given to building a strong ecosystem, saying that “sustainable food production and food security can only be achieved through management. adequate ecosystem “.

Aubee said Africans should be concerned about sustainable food production that will not only feed them, but also care for the health of people and their environment.


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Health, environment and safety are on the agenda for Edo’s 30th anniversary https://litmus-mme.com/health-environment-and-safety-are-on-the-agenda-for-edos-30th-anniversary/ https://litmus-mme.com/health-environment-and-safety-are-on-the-agenda-for-edos-30th-anniversary/#respond Fri, 27 Aug 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://litmus-mme.com/health-environment-and-safety-are-on-the-agenda-for-edos-30th-anniversary/ From left to right: Senator representing the Senate District of Edo South, Senator Matthew Urhoghide; Edo State Governor Mr. Godwin Obaseki and State Government Secretary Osarodion Ogie Esq., At the launch of a tree planting campaign at Idu village in the reserve Orhionmwon Local Government Area Forest, to commemorate the 30th anniversary of Edo State […]]]>
From left to right: Senator representing the Senate District of Edo South, Senator Matthew Urhoghide; Edo State Governor Mr. Godwin Obaseki and State Government Secretary Osarodion Ogie Esq., At the launch of a tree planting campaign at Idu village in the reserve Orhionmwon Local Government Area Forest, to commemorate the 30th anniversary of Edo State on Friday, August 27, 2021.

Edo State Governor Godwin Obaseki said the state government will continue to invest in preserving the health, safety and environment of the people of Edo as the State celebrates its 30th anniversary.

Obaseki said this when launching an organized tree-planting campaign in Idu village in Orhionmwon local government forest reserve, as part of activities marking the 30th anniversary of Edo State. . The tree planting campaign is part of the government’s reforestation initiative to plant ten million trees over the next ten years.

According to him, “As we celebrate Edo’s 30 years as a state, we must realize that we live in a world ravaged by the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19). We have lost loved ones: friends and family. Even as we celebrate our glorious nation and proud heritage, circumstances demand that we make every effort, as a people, to ensure that we protect ourselves against this deadly scourge.


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State struggles to understand the health and environmental impact of man-made chemicals :: WRAL.com https://litmus-mme.com/state-struggles-to-understand-the-health-and-environmental-impact-of-man-made-chemicals-wral-com/ https://litmus-mme.com/state-struggles-to-understand-the-health-and-environmental-impact-of-man-made-chemicals-wral-com/#respond Tue, 03 Aug 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://litmus-mme.com/state-struggles-to-understand-the-health-and-environmental-impact-of-man-made-chemicals-wral-com/ By Laura Leslie, WRAL Capitol Bureau Chief Raleigh, North Carolina – PFAS The chemicals, used in everything from fire-fighting foam to fast food packaging and non-stick pans, are often referred to as “eternal chemicals” because they are nearly indestructible. This makes them particularly dangerous for human and animal health, difficult to treat and very expensive […]]]>

PFAS The chemicals, used in everything from fire-fighting foam to fast food packaging and non-stick pans, are often referred to as “eternal chemicals” because they are nearly indestructible.

This makes them particularly dangerous for human and animal health, difficult to treat and very expensive to clean when they enter the environment. In North Carolina, scientists seem to find more of it everywhere they look, including in drinking water, fish, and humans.

Since one of these chemicals, Generation X, was found in the Cape Fear River and in the drinking water of the Wilmington area four years ago, state regulators have been trying to find solutions. to this problem and other emerging contaminants.

On Monday, Frannie Nilsen, a toxicologist with the State Department of Environmental Quality, told the agency’s science advisory board that Generation X and four others PFAS compounds appear in more than half of the wells they sampled near the Chemours factory on the Bladen-Cumberland County Line.

03/31/21: NC fines Chemours for improper treatment systems along Cape Fear River

8/13/20: Agreement reached to stop GenX runoff at Chemours, North Carolina plant

05/28/2020: Inspectors Didn’t Monitor GenX Limit Because They Didn’t Know

“Gen X has issued health advisories in three states, North Carolina being one of them, but there are no official regulations for any of them,” Nilsen said.

Emerging contaminants are in the water in Pittsboro, too much. Nilsen said they appear in the blood of adults and children there and in Wilmington.

“If you compare each of them – the adults of Wilmington, the children of Pittsboro and the Fayetteville adults – all of the average US population, you can see that there are compounds that are much higher in the North Carolina population, ”Nilsen said.

John Vandenberg, who recently retired as head of the Environmental Protection Agency on Human Health Risks, is also on the state panel. He must have checked the numbers he was hearing.

“When you compare what is actually in people’s blood serum, it seems to me that these have been detected. PFAS are also worrying, a huge concern for me, ”he said.

PFAS contamination has appeared in many places, from Wake County to Shelby, near Charlotte.

The panel is trying to help the state determine how to regulate these compounds. Other states are doing the same. But it is difficult. There are thousands of compounds out there, and chemical manufacturers don’t even have to disclose what they put in the water.

A bill passed by the US House would change that, but the Senate has yet to pass it.


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